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Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art (gendai budo) that was developed in the early part of the 20th Century by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969). A disciplined student of martial arts principle and philosophy, Morihei Ueshiba (known as O-Sensei or great teacher) created aikido out of his dissatisfaction with the competitive and destructive elements of earlier martial traditions. The emphasis of aikido is not directed toward the defeat, but neutralization of an attacker. Training stresses form, mutual cooperation, awareness, and the coordination of movement with a calm state of mind.

The founder of aikido studied various martial traditions, but the technical basis from which aikido was formed is linked directly to the art of Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu. The founder of aikido was a long time student of legendary jujutsu master, Sokaku Takeda. After mastering Daito-ryu, Morihei Ueshiba took the technical teachings of Takeda Sensei, simplified them, and developed his own expression of the art. Today, aikido is considered Japan's spiritual martial art. By combining traditional martial ways with his personal spiritual convictions, Morihei Ueshiba created a martial art as a means to bring peace to all mankind.